Historical evolution: In order to defend their towns and homes from thieves and invaders, the Hakka families who lived in the two counties of Kaohsiung and Pingtung in Taiwan organized themselves into “six teams" of villagers. They later changed the name to "six piles" to distinguish themselves from the troops of the army. The Chinese word for “pile” – “dui” – also means settlement. The six settlements cover the 12 rural areas of Kaohsiung and Pingtung. Although there is no clear demarcation boundary for the six settlements, this way of organizing the villagers carries cultural and historical significance, as it shows the unity and cooperation, as well as courage and strength, of the Hakka ethnic group.
Left settlements: Pingtung Xinyi and Jiadong area.
Right settlements: Kaohsiung Meinong, Gaoshu, Shanlin, Liugui, parts of Jiaxian, Qishan Shoujinliao, Pingtung Gaoshu, Ligang Jiadong Village and other places.
Front settlement: Pingtung Changzhi, Linluo, Tianliao, Jiuru Yuquan Village, Yanpu Luoyang Village and other places.
Back settlement: Pingtung Neipu.
Middle settlement: Pingtung Zhutian.
Pioneer settlement: Pingtung Wanluan.
Liudui Hakka Cultural Park | 六堆客家文化園區
Located in Neipu Township, Pingtung County, Taiwan, the national-level Hakka Cultural Park was set up to preserve and display the Hakka lifestyle of the 12 Hakka administrative areas in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County, and to promote regional tourism marketing, develop local industry exchanges and promote local Hakka culture. The park covers an area of 30 hectares and is divided into the Umbrella Stand Hakka Settlement Scenic Area, Multimedia Performing Arts Hall, Jiuxiang Garden, Yanlou Longjian Standing Exhibition, Natural Grassland Rest Area and Tianyuandi Scenic Area.
The Tianyuandi Scenic Area reproduces the pioneering life of the Hakka ancestors, and the Hakkas’ focus on living in a natural environment. The park is planned in a way that uses rice and tobacco as the mainstay industries, and arranges traditional buildings such as tobacco building, traditional house, and rice mill as cultural experience exhibitions.
The natural grassland area symbolizes the starting point of the development of the land by the six settlements’ Hakka ancestors. To reproduce the rich native flora, different plantings are arranged according to the season, and the vegetation presents different vegetation landscapes. The central part of the grassland has an ecological pool, bamboo forest and various aquatic plants.
The Jiuxiang Garden is centered on the Kaijibogong, and the landscaping is configured in a way that resembles a Hakka flower cloth.
Guangdexing Paper Umbrella Shop | 廣德興紙傘店
The Guangdexing Paper Umbrella Shop is a long-established paper umbrella factory in Meinong. For a long time, its umbrella makers have been insisting on craftsmanship and using local material to make paper umbrellas that display the Hakka culture. At the same time, they constantly seek new ideas and continuously delve into better techniques to create higher standard paper umbrellas. The quality requirements and the business philosophy of integrity help Guangdexing Paper Umbrella Shop retain the purest creative concept in the era of changing times. In the midst of the traditional and modern, it preserves the traditional beauty and integrates modern imagery, taking paper umbrella making to a higher level, and incorporating a lot of local cultural characteristics into the paper umbrellas. Guangdexing Paper Umbrella Store not only makes paper umbrellas, it passes on a part of Hakka culture, and further improves and develops it to a whole new level.
Dapu Agricultural Cooperative | 大埔農產品生產合作社
Gaoshu Township’s Dapu Agricultural Cooperative is a community-based cooperative. To develop Gaoshu Township's agricultural industry, it combines the Hakka food culture of pickling and fermenting and sells a series of fermented foods, symbolizing the virtues of Hakka women's devotion to the family and the spirit of the Hakka people. It also represents the passing down and continuation of the culture for the young generation. In turn, it has created more value for agricultural products.
The cooperative mainly sells agricultural products and processed agricultural products. It has created a brand of “Youth” pickled products for the passing on of Hakka traditional food culture. The Youth series of products include fruit vinegar, vanilla vinegar, and pickled vegetables. The cooperative’s Hakka Village Ma Ma Fermentation Workshop demonstrates the Hakka mother's devotion to making good food for her family and enhances the industrial value of the Dapu community.