(Photo: Taichung City Government)
1. Sixian accent
The most commonly spoken Sixian accent can be found in the Miaoli region, small part of Taitung County, Hakka settlements in Kaohsiung City and Pingtung County, and Taoyuan City’s Zhongli (中壢), Pingzhen (平鎮), and Longtan (龍潭) districts. The Hakka instructions people hear on trains, at MRT stations, and in other public places are broadcasted in the Sixian-accented Hakka language.
2. Hailu accent
The second most common Hailu accent is usually spoken in the Hsinchu region, small parts of Miaoli and Hualien counties as well as Taoyuan City’s Guanyin (觀音), Xinwu (新屋), and Yangmei (楊梅) districts. Sixian and Hailu are two dominant accents of the Hakka language in Taiwan.
3. Dapu accent
People in Taichung City’s Dongshi (東勢), Shigang (石岡), and Xinshe (新社) districts usually speak the Dapu-accented Hakka language.
4. Raoping accent
The Raoping accent is concentrated in small parts of Hsinchu County and Taoyuan City and Miaoli County’s Zhuolan Township (卓蘭鎮) as well as Changhua County’s Yuanlin City (員林市), Yongjing Township (永靖鄉), and Tianwei Township (田尾鄉).
5. Zhao’an accent
The Zhao’an accented Hakka language is usually spoken in Yunlin County’s townships of Lunbei (崙背), Erlun (二崙), and Xiluo (西螺) as well as Taoyuan City’s districts of Bade (八德), Daxi (大溪), and Longtan (龍潭).
The accents of Dapu, Raoping and Zhao'an are spoken by a small population at a few scattered locations. Influenced by other common languages, they are not heard easily nowadays.