Exhibition on Iudui Hakka settlement takes place in Pingtung

To promote Hakka culture in southern Taiwan, an exhibition organized by the Taiwan Hakka Culture Development Center (THCDC) on the Iudui (右堆) Hakka settlement is taking place at the Liudui Hakka Cultural Park in Pingtung from Sept. 25, 2019 through Dec. 20, 2020.

Located in the south of Taiwan, Liudui an established Hakka region that straddles Kaohsiung and Pingtung since the Qing Dynasty has six Hakka settlements that consist of Zuodui (左堆), Iudui (右堆), Qiandui (前堆), Houdui (後堆), Zhongdui (中堆), and Xianfengdui (先鋒堆). As one of Liuduis six settlements, Iudui, meaning the settlement on the right side, covers Kaohsiungs Meinong (美濃), Liugui (六龜), Jiaxian (甲仙), and Shanlin (杉林) areas, and Pingtungs Gaoshu (高樹).

Although Iudui was the latest to become developed out of the six Liudui areas, its isolated terrain helped the local populace preserve more traditional Hakka culture and develop unique religious folk beliefs.

To Introduce Iudui, the exhibition consists of seven parts:

1. Natural landscapes

There are abundant natural resources in the Iudui area. The diverse terrains contribute to various industries. Each township/district has its unique landscapes, tourist attractions, and agricultural specialties. Iudui’s idyllic rural scenery enriches the regions of Kaohsiung and Pingtung.

2. Local industries

Iudui was renowned for the local profit crops, including rice, timber, camphor, and tobacco leaves in earlier times. Nowadays, Iudui is famous for its agricultural products combined with creative commodities despite the decline of traditional industries such as camphor and tobacco leaves in recent years.

3. Customs and traditions

Iudui has distinctive customs and traditions, including the practice of worshipping maternal ancestors (敬外祖), the existence of the double surname halls (雙姓堂), and the establishment of the share-holding worship associations (嘗會組織).

4. Artists and creation

Nurtured by the beautiful environment of Iudui, many local artists create their works with their imagination and affection towards the land of Iudui.

5. Religious beliefs

When facing natural disasters and ethnic conflicts during the period of reclamation in the past, Iudui residents sought comfort from spiritual and religious faith, which contributed to the worship of the Daluguan Stone Lions for calm weather and religious ceremonies for Hakka martyrs who sacrificed their lives to defend their homeland.

6. Civic engagement

An anti-dam movement in the 1990s activated the network of civic organizations in the Iudui area, awakening environmental awareness in local communities. Aiming to ameliorate their hometown, members of these organizations have held various cultural events and produced community publications to draw people’s attention to environmental protection.

7. Regional revitalization

Recently, due to the policies on industrial transformation and tourism promotion, many young people born and raised in Iudui have been enticed to return to their hometown from big cities to start their own enterprises, injecting new life into this Hakka settlement.

Exhibition information

Location: Liudui Hakka Cultural Park

Address: 588, Xinyi Rd., Neipu Township, Pingtung County, Taiwan

Date: From Sept. 25, 2019 to Dec. 20, 2020.

Website: https://thcdc.hakka.gov.tw/wSite/ct?xItem=15716&ctNode=1083&mp=1